Marine steam systems are units that generate steam for electric power generation or process heating and operation onboard and other offshore operations. On board ship and in process plant, steam is used for personal uses such as producing heat and hot water. Marine steam system such as boilers contains two basic systems  , such as the steam water system and the fuel air-flow gas system. Fuel and air served as inputs system, and the process of combustion is done in the wind-box. The boiler outputs systems are the flow gas and ash systems  . On board merchant ships, several regulations are required to effectively secure every dangerous part of a ship's machinery to ensure safety of personnel and the ship. Safety remains a human issue, and a human solution has to be found in solving or preventing safety problems  .
A ship machinery space or engine room is the compartment of the ship where the main engine(s), generator(s), compressor(s), pump(s), boiler plants and other major machineries are located  . The ship machinery space where the boiler is located is the most hazardous area of the ship. Despite the fact that marine operations have tended to rely on meeting regulatory requirements, industry codes of practice, or Classification Society Rules, taking all precaution and safety measure while handling engine room machinery system, accident are bound to take place in the ships engine room. There exist specific requirements for machinery in the engine room regarding starting and stopping of the plant. Therefore, strict precaution is needed for boiler system being one of the most important systems on board ships, due to its multipurpose functionality. Although machinery failure is dangerous, some are more dangerous than the other. Therefore, prompt actions on the matter of risk and failure control are crucial in the operation of marine steam systems .
Risk-based analysis is used as a monitoring object (condition monitoring, diagnostics and servicing) that integrates technical, economic and safety issues together to provide solution to system problem  . Ship operational risks have not been properly defined because of the system complexity, especially in multipurpose carriers, containership. Its evaluation depends on design and construction assumptions, which are burdened with some indetermination of construction solutions. The interaction of hydro meteorological conditions in the ship operating environment, plant maintenance, crew expertise and their habits are contributing factors to the failure or degradation of power system onboard  . Risk-based analysis of onboard energy system considers data which includes design data, operational data/efficiency, failure analysis, cost implementation for servicing and repairs
2. Description of Boiler System Operation for Sea Going Vessels
The boiler system is configured with feed water drum and the water utilizes the heat energy released by the burning fuel. This energy achieved converted the water into the form of steam with very high temperature and pressure. The system has a combustion chamber for the pressurization of the fuel to high temperature and air is supplied to this combustion chamber through a separate arrangement to enhance combustion  .
Heat exchange occurred from the hot gas to the water through the boiler drum wall of a given large surface area, which enables the highest rate of energy transfer  . The energy from the burning fuel is then used for different purpose onboard, such as:
・ Steam production for process,
・ Steam superheating for power generation.